Scar 101: How Are Scars Formed?

Scar 101: How Are Scars Formed?

Scars come in many shapes and sizes, and are usually formed from a trauma or injury. This can be the result of surgery, a burn or an accident. Anything that causes the skin to break will cause a scar, and for some people the scars will get better on their own. In a large proportion of people, the scars will remain red and raised and these need to be treated with a safe effective product that is clinically proven work. 

While some scars are only an aesthetic issue, other scars can be painful, and a source of discomfort and irritation. Some people heal slower than others and they are more likely to get scars, and require topical treatment to help with the healing process. 

Here are the four most common types of scars

Atrophic Scars 

These scars are usually indented and result from acne or chicken pox. These scars are notoriously difficult to treat and most of the non-medical grade silicone gels on the market will not be effective against these scars.

Burn Scars 

The majority of burns will cause scars as they tend to heal slower than most other types of wounds. Burn scars are actually hypertrophic scars. Early treatment is recommended and the use of silicone scar gel plus massage normally produces the best outcome.

Hypertrophic Scars

The majority of people that have a scar develop Hypertrophic scars. These are red and raised, generally along the length of the injury.


Keloids are a different type of scar to the above and tend to be harder to treat. Keloids are normally formed after a trauma or wound, but spread away from the original wound. Very light skin and very dark skin tend to be more prone to Keloids and it is believed to be a genetic link to the formation of keloids.

General scar care and proper application of ScarMD

  • All scars get worse in the sun. As humans, it’s difficult to completely avoid the sun so do your best and always apply SPF30+ sunscreen and/or cover your score as much as possible if concerned with your scar.

  • As well as using ScarMD® Scar Gel & Spray, massage the scar with a simple moisturizing cream. Use a simple cream with no perfumes or additives in.

  • Don’t massage ScarMD® Scar Gel & Spray into the area. Apply a thin layer and leave it to dry.

  • If you have a history of scarring then use ScarMD® Scar Gel & Spray as soon as the wound has healed. Early use of ScarMD® Scar Gel has been proven to reduce the chance of scars developing by up to 60%.5

  • If you think that you have a Keloid scar then speak to a Dermatologist, Plastic Surgeon or Scar Specialist, who will advise the best combination treatments to use with ScarMD® Scar Gel & Spray.

About AIM Medical 

AIM Medical is a skincare products research, engineering and manufacturing company based in the world's medtech hub - Boston, Massachusetts. Dedicated to developing novel, safe, yet highly effective portfolio of products that target common dermatologic conditions, AIM Medical advances the high value opportunities for products that focus on wound care and atopic dermatitis. At AIM Medical we are proud of our heritage of creating health and beauty through technology innovation. ​ We have aligned AIM Medical to be a worldwide healthcare brand advancing the cutting edge technologies to work in real.

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